Staying Healthy After Menopause
During post-menopause, the major health risks include bone loss (osteoporosis) and heart disease. The good new is you can do a lot to reduce your risks:
You can reduce your risk of bone problems with frequent exercise. Weight-bearing activities such as walking and using weights help the muscles. Getting enough calcium and Vitamin D helps, too.
Limit Heart Disease
After menopause the risk of heart disease increases due to the decrease in estrogen. Exercise, cessation of smoking and adopting/maintaining a healthy low fat/cholesterol diet all provide benefits.
Help Control Tissue Changes
Reduced estrogen can cause body tissues to thin. Thinning in the urinary tract may lead to bladder infections. You may also have an urgent need to urinate. Thinning of the vagina may cause dryness and painful sex. In some cases, tissues holding the uterus in place may weaken, causing the uterus to drop or bulge into the vagina (pelvic organ prolapse). Ways to address these problems include Kegel exercises and the use of water-based lubricants and estrogen creams. To help prevent wrinkles, use sunscreens and do not smoke.